The World Health Organization (WHO) supports PBM and has identified a number of priorities for action at international, national and hospital level (see reference). WHO has also developed Aides-Mémoire on key topics in transfusion safety to convey important messages to ministries of health and health professionals around safe and appropriate clinical use of blood. These are available here.
Establishing a PBM strategy needs leadership and support at all levels, from national and regional government policymakers and managers, to executive management and health professionals from various clinical disciplines within hospitals, and active participation by patients. Patient are at the centre of PBM and active participation of patients in the planning, implementation and evaluation of PBM programs is essential.
General practitioners, surgeons, anaesthetists, nurses, haematology/transfusion medicine and laboratory staff all have important roles to play in surgical PBM and should be engaged in the development and implementation of the PBM strategy. In the non-surgical setting, PBM strategies also apply for paediatrics, haematology, obstetrics and other clinical specialties. Many examples of how to develop and establish a PBM strategy and supporting tools and other materials for patients and staff are available, including: