Cellular Therapy involves utilization of cells for treatment including haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). HSCT may enable stem and progenitor cells to be engrafted, replacing the bone marrow of the recipient completely. Other examples include bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells, embryonic or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPs) and specific T-lymphocytic cell lines which can differentiate into a variety of cells. In the future this might also include the ex-vivo expansion of cord blood into red blood cells, platelets and their progenitors. Novel blood-derived therapeutics include platelet lysates, amniopatch and serum eye drops.