The aim is to initiate discussion on placebo and nocebo effects with the transfusion of blood components and products. These are possible, but little discussed. 

Level of education required (1-5):

Level 3 and above

What prior knowledge is required?

It is recommended that attendees familiarize themselves with this recent publication: Badami KG, Chai K. Placebo and nocebo effects in transfusion medicine. Transfusion  Medicine 2022;32:115–119. (Placebo and nocebo effects in transfusion medicine)

Target audience:

Doctors, Scientists, Blood Bankers, and Nurses dealing with patients requiring transfusions, or with an interest in transfusion medicine.